The Structural-functional Organization of the Urban Landschaft

Vasile GUŢULEAC, Dorin DUMITRAŞ

Abstract


The structure of the anthropic landschaft characterizes its internal organization, the connections between its components and the natural-anthropic associations of an inferior degree.
The anthropic layer is to be analyzed in analogy with the natural component of the landschaft, which includes architectural edifices, communications, the geological component,
the anthropic vegetation, the barren heaps resulted from mining activities, etc. The parametres of the anthropic components of the landschaft are the free surface, the built surface, the height
of the buildings and the density.
The different geographical elements are reconstituted on the basis of NTCs (National Territorial Complex), separated on subtypes according to their specific (NTC IV – functional
landschaft area, NTC III – human settlement, NTC II – technogene fenced-in district, NTC I
– technogene lot). We emphasized the features of these organizational types after we had done
much research in field and in laboratory. We managed to draw a landschaft – functional map
of Czernowitz town, with a scale of 1: 10 000. We managed to detect 125 types of anthropic
complex of lanschaft.
For the urban territory we proposed two types of classification for the landschaft
systems: 1. NTCs that existed before the intense industrial anthropization; 2. technohene
natural complexes. The map of the anthropic-landschaft complexes of the town can be used as
a basis for the geo-chemical map and for some applicative maps, especially ecological ones.


Keywords


landschaft, natural territory complex, human settlement, functional landschaft area, technogene fenced-in district, technogene lot

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4316/GEOREVIEW.2008.17.1.151