Historical perspective on structural methods for flood protection in Lower Danube



The purpose of this paper is to describe from a critical and historical perspective the employment of structural works at global, regional and local levels without separation from their context given by environmental, economical, political, social and cultural factors. The authors provoke the reader to reflect about the role of humans in the process of adaption to flooding. The first part of the paper addresses the definition and classification of structural works from different perspectives, the second part describes the context in which they are implemented and concepts such as 'hydro-politics', the third part shows structural works' evolution along Danube and at Gostinu study area level.


structural methods, flooding, hydro-politics, Lower Danube

Full Text:



valoare. Editura Autograf MJM, Craiova.

Bijker W. E. 2006. Dikes and Dams, Thick with Politics. Isis, March 2007 by The History of Science

Society. 80. Focus section on Thick Things.

Blackbourn D. 2008. Time is a violent torrent - Constructing and reconstructing rivers in modern

German history. Chapter 2 of Rivers in History: Perspectives on waterways in Europe and

North America edited by Mauch C & Zeller T. Univ of Pittsburg Press. p: 11-25.

Dobrescu E. M, Popovici V. (coord). 2010. România si strategia Uniunii Europene pentru regiunea

Dunarii. Proces, implementare si prioritati. Institutul European din România. Studii de strategii

si politici. SPOS 2010. Studiul nr. 3. Bucuresti.

Greceanu N. 1928. Contributii relativ la problema indiguirilor din lunca inundabila a Dunarii.

Editura Cartea Medicala, Bucuresti [S.n.].

Greceanu N. 1933. Indiguirea Malu-Rosu-Baneasa-Gostin din Lunca Inundabila a Dunarii. Editura

Bucuresti. Atelierele Adevarul.

Hastings A., Hom L.C., Ellner S., Turchin P., Godfray H.C.J. 1993. Chaos in ecology: is mother nature

a strange attractor? A. Rev. ecol. Syst. 24, p. 1-33.

Hohensinner S. & Drescher A. 2008. Historical change of European floodplains: the Danube River in

Austria. In: Klimo, E., Hager, H., Matiþ, S., Aniþ, I. & Kulhavý, J. (Eds.), The Floodplain Forests

of Temperate Zone of Europe. Lesnická práce, Prag.

Junk J.W., Bayley P.B. & Sparks E.R. 1989. The Flood Pulse Concept in River Flood plain Systems. In

D.P. Dodge [ed] Proceedings of International Large River Symposium. Canada. Spec.Publ. Fish.

Aquat. Sci. 106. p. 110-127.

Latour B. 1992. The Sociology of few Mundane Artifacts. In: W.E. Bijker & J. Law. (Editors), Shaping

technology building society: studies in socio-technical change: Inside Technology Series

Cambridge: MIT Press. Ayala Science Library, p.225-258.

Lucaciu M. 2005. Territorial Flood Defense: A Romanian Perspective in Transboundary Floods:

Reducing Risks Through Flood Management edited by Marsalek J., Stancalie G. & Balint G.

Earth and Environ Sci. Vol. 72. NATO Science Series. Springer, p. 315-333.

Mauch C. & Zeller T. 2008. Rivers in History and Historiography - An introduction. Chapter 1 of

Rivers in History: Perspectives on waterways in Europe and North America edited by Mauch C.

& Zeller T. University of Pittsburg Press, p.1-10.

Mehedinti S. 1938. Legaturile noastre cu Dunarea si marea. Bucuresti - Institutul de Arte Grafice


Mihaiu G. & Ofimias V. 2008. Probleme Actuale ale Luncii Dunarii Inferioare. Dunarea, Lunca si

Delta Dunarii. Agricultura si Mediu - Prezent si Perspectiva. Academia de Stiinte Agricole si

Silvice. Editura Bren. Bucuresti, p. 89-94.

Mihov S. & Hristov I. 2011. River Ecology. WWF Booklet. Printed at Geosoft EOOD.

Mihnea I., Mandru R., Bran M. 2008. Danube Dams - Necessity or Calamity? Carpth. J. of Earth and

Environmental Sciences 3(1), p. 31-38.

Sarbu E. 1972. Conceptii noi in proiectarea si realizarea lucrarilor de irigatii (New Concepts in

design and development of irrigation works). In: Cercetari Stiintifice 1971 - Statiunea Pilor

pentru irigatii Baneasa-Giurgiu. Academia de Stiinte Agricole si Sivice, Bucuresti.

Scott J.C. 1998. Seeing Like a State. How certain schemes to improve the human condition have

failed. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.

Steinberg T. 2000. Acts of God - On the Unnatural history of Natural Disasters in America. Oxford

University Press.

Schanze J. 2004. Flood Risk Management - A Basic Framework. In: Flood Risk Management -

Hazards, Vulnerability and Mitigation Measures. IV. Earth and Environmental Sciences

Springer. NATO Science Series. Vol. 67. Springer, p. 1-20.

Schatzki T. 2003. Nature and Technology in History. Histroy and Theory. Theme Issue 42, Chapter II

The Nature of 'Nature. Wesleyan University, p. 82-93.

Toth S. & Nagy I. 2005. Dyke failures in Hungary of the past 220 years. Chapter 3.Transboundary

Floods: Reducing Risks Through Flood Management edited by Marsalek J., Stancalie G. & Balint

G. Earth and Environmental Sciences Vol. 72. NATO Science Series. Springe, p. 247-258.

Watkins S. & Whyte I. 2009. Floods in NW England - a history c 1600 - 2008. Centre for NW

Regional Studies. 56th Series. Lancaster University.

Wittfogel K. 1957. Hydraulic Civilization. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/278180/


Visinescu I. & Bularda M. 2014. Danube's precincts - current and future issues' paper, Academia de

Stiinte Agricole si Silvice 'Gheorghe Ionescu Sisesti', Statiunea de Cercetare Dezvoltare Agricola

Braila. Proceedings of 'Danube's Agricultural Precincts, current and future issues' Symposium,

Yervjevich V. 1994. Chapter 28 - Clasification and description of flood mitigation measures. In:

Rossi G. et al., Coping with floods. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Zeisler-Vralsted D. 2009. The Cultural and Hydrological Development of the Mississippi and Volga

Rivers. In: Mauch C. & Zeller T., Rivers in History: Perspectives on Waterways in Europe and

North America. University of Pittsburgh Press.

***ANIF RA, Sucursala Olt Arges, Unitatea de Administrare Giurgiu Est. Plan de aparare impotriva

inundatiilor, ingheturilor, accidentelor la constructiile hidrotehnice 2010 -2013.

***Raport Studiu de Cercetare ”Redimensionare Ecologică şi Economică pe sectorul românesc al

Luncii Dunării (REELD), Institutul Naţional de Cercetare-Dezvoltare Delta Dunării Tulcea

(INCDDD), 2008.

***WWF. Assessment of the restoration potential along the Danube and main tributaries, Final

Draft, Vienna, 2010.

***Comuna Oinacu. Arhivele 1952 -1992. Dosar 12 din 1963, Dosar din 1977 care include Circulara

din 22.X.1977 catre Consiliul Popular Oinacu, p 28-76.

***UNDP/GEF/IW:LEARN. Danube River Transboudary Diagnostic Analysis, 2006. http://iwlearn.


accessed 1 Sept 2014.

***World Commission on Dams. 2000. Dams and Development. A new framework for Decision

Making. Earthscan Publications.

***WWF-Auen-Institut. 2004. Atlasul pentru Coridorul Verde al Dunarii Inferioare.

***WWF. Zinke Consulting for Central and Eastern Europe, Vienna Waterway Transport on

Europe's Lifeline 2002. http://www.zinke.at/Zinke.data/Images/navstud.pdf. accessed on 25

Jan 2014.