Water resources in the Romanian Carpathians and their management

Petre GÂȘTESCU

Abstract


The Carpathians, covering of length of 1,000 km on Romanian`s territory and surface 66,303 kms, 27.9% respectively. The Carpathians, their positions towards the air mass circulation from the West especially, are in fact an orographical dam differentianting the specific runoff of the streams. Thus, the values of hydrological parameter are higher on the mountain sides to the West than the ones on the opposite mountain sides of the same altitude. On an average, the runoff gradient is estimated as 5-6 l/s.kms up to 100 m with variations imposed by hydrographic basin exposure towards the continental and oceanic air mass circulation.

Keywords


water resources

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4316/GEOREVIEW.2012.0.0.262