Karst processes in concrete anthropic structures. Case study: bunkers and casemates of Second World War

Ioan BÂCA

Abstract


Concrete structures may be affected by processes of dissolution of the cement from which they are constructed under the action of water infiltration (ground water, rain, snow), resulting in dropping speleothems (stalactites, stalagmites) and gravitational leaching speleothemes (veils, curtains). This study examines three concrete structures, built during the Second World War (bunkers, casemates) in the county of Bistrița-Năsăud, to highlight the mechanisms that govern these processes and their relevance in the scientific and tourism plan