Limnologia–este ştiinţa despre lacuri?

Petre GASTESCU

Abstract


Limnology is a border discipline between geography, hydrology and biology, and is also closely connected with other sciences, from it borrows research methods. Physical limnology (the geography of lakes/limnogeogrphy), studies lake biotopes, and biological limnology (the biology of lakes), studies lake biocoenoses. The father of limnology is the Swiss scientist F.A. Forel, the author of a three-volume entitled Le Leman: monographie limnologique (1892-1904), which focuses on the geology physics, chemistry and biology of lakes. He was also author of the first textbook of limnology, Handbuch der Seenkunde: allgemeine Limnologie,(1901). Since both the lake biotope and its biohydrocoenosis make up a single whole, the lake and lakes, respectively, represent the most typical systems in nature. They could be called limnosystems (lacustrine ecosystems), a microcosm in itself, as the American biologist St.A. Forbes put it (1887).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4316/GEOREVIEW.2018.28.1.401